Sharp EL-W516

Manual de utilizare Sharp EL-W516

(1)
  • PRINTED IN CHINA / IMPRIMÉ EN CHINE / IMPRESO EN CHINA
    07HGK (TINSE1307EHZZ)
    INTRODUCTION
    Thank you for purchasing the SHARP Scientifi c Calculator
    Model EL-W506/W516/W546.
    About the calculation examples (including some formulas
    and tables), refer to the calculation example sheet. Refer to
    the number on the right of each title in the manual for use.
    After reading this manual, store it in a convenient location for
    future reference.
    Notes:
    • Some of the models described in this manual may not be
    available in some countries.
    • This product uses a period as a decimal point.
    Operational Notes
    • Do not carry the calculator around in your back pocket, as it
    may break when you sit down. The display is made of glass
    and is particularly fragile.
    • Keep the calculator away from extreme heat such as on a
    car dashboard or near a heater, and avoid exposing it to
    excessively humid or dusty environments.
    • Since this product is not waterproof, do not use it or store
    it where fl uids, for example water, can splash onto it.
    Raindrops, water spray, juice, coffee, steam, perspiration,
    etc. will also cause malfunction.
    • Clean with a soft, dry cloth. Do not use solvents or a wet cloth.
    • Do not drop it or apply excessive force.
    • Never dispose of batteries in a fi re.
    • Keep batteries out of the reach of children.
    • For the sake of your health, try not to use this product for
    long periods of time. If you need to use the product for an
    extended period, be sure to allow your eyes, hands, arms,
    and body adequate rest periods (about 10–15 minutes
    every hour).
    If you experience any pain or fatigue while using this
    product, discontinue use immediately. If the discomfort
    continues, please consult a doctor.
    • This product, including accessories, may change due to
    upgrading without prior notice.
    NOTICE
    SHARP strongly recommends that separate permanent
    written records be kept of all important data. Data may be
    lost or altered in virtually any electronic memory product
    under certain circumstances. Therefore, SHARP assumes
    no responsibility for data lost or otherwise rendered
    unusable whether as a result of improper use, repairs,
    defects, battery replacement, use after the specifi ed
    battery life has expired, or any other cause.
    SHARP will not be liable nor responsible for any incidental
    or consequential economic or property damage caused
    by misuse and/or malfunctions of this product and its
    peripherals, unless such liability is acknowledged by law.
    Press the RESET switch (on the back), with the tip of a
    ball-point pen or similar object, only in the following cases:
    • When using for the fi rst time
    • After replacing the battery
    • To clear all memory contents
    • When an abnormal condition occurs and all keys are
    inoperative
    Do not use an object with a breakable or sharp tip. Note that
    pressing the RESET switch erases all data stored in memory.
    If service should be required on this calculator, use only a
    SHARP servicing dealer, SHARP approved service facility, or
    SHARP repair service where available.
    Hard Case
    Remove the hard case, holding it with your fi ngers in the
    positions shown below.
    DISPLAY
    Dot
    matrix
    display
    Symbol
    Mantissa Exponent
    During actual use, not all symbols are displayed at the same time.
    Only the symbols required for the usage currently being explained
    are shown in the display and calculation examples in this manual.
    /
    /
    : Indicates that some contents are hidden in the
    directions shown.
    2ndF: Appears when @ is pressed, indicating that the
    functions shown in orange are enabled.
    HYP: Indicates that H has been pressed and the
    hyperbolic functions are enabled. If @ > is
    pressed, the symbols 2ndF HYP appear, indicating that
    inverse hyperbolic functions are enabled.
    ALPHA: Indicates that ;, x or t has been pressed,
    and entry (recall) of memory contents and recall of
    statistics can be performed.
    DEG/RAD/GRAD: Indicates angular units.
    BUSY: Appears during the execution of a calculation.
    W-VIEW: Indicates that the WriteView editor is selected.
    M: Indicates that a numerical value is stored in the
    independent memory (M).
    / :
    Indicates the mode of expression for results in CPLX mode.
    ENG/SCI/FIX/N2/N1: Indicates the notation used to display a
    value and changes by SET UP menu. N1 is displayed
    on-screen as “NORM1”, and N2 as “NORM2”.
    BEFORE USING THE CALCULATOR
    When using for the fi rst time, press the RESET switch (on the
    back), with the tip of a ball-point pen or similar object.
    Adjusting the Display Contrast
    Press @ J 3, then + or & to adjust the
    contrast. Press j to exit.
    Power On and Off
    Press j to turn the calculator on. The data that was on-
    screen when the power was turned off will appear on the display.
    Press @ o to turn the calculator off.
    Key Notations Used in this Manual
    In this manual, key operations are described as follows:
    To specify e
    x
    :
    @ "
    To specify ln:
    i
    To specify E:
    ; E
    • Functions that are printed in orange above the key require
    @ to be pressed fi rst before the key. When you specify the
    memory, press ; rst. Numbers for input values are not
    shown as keys, but as ordinary numbers.
    • Functions that are printed in gray adjacent to the keys are
    effective in specifi c modes.
    • The multiplication operator × is differentiated from the letter
    “X” in this manual as follows:
    To specify the multiplication operator: k
    To specify the letter “X”: ; X
    The WriteView and Line Editors
    This calculator has the following two editors in NORMAL mode:
    WriteView and Line. You can select between them in the SET UP
    menu.
    The WriteView editor (default) The Line editor
    Notes:
    • The WriteView Editor is only available in NORMAL mode.
    • In certain calculation examples, where you see the o
    symbol, the key operations and calculation results are shown
    as they would appear in the Line editor.
    Clearing the Entry and Memories
    Operation
    Entry
    (Display)
    A–F,
    M, X, Y
    *
    1
    F1–F4,
    D1–D4
    *
    2
    ANS STAT
    *
    3
    matA–D
    *
    4
    L1–L4
    *
    5
    j
    ○× ××××
    @ Z
    ○× ×○○
    Mode selection (
    b
    )
    ○× ×××*
    6
    @ P 0
    *
    7
    ○× ××××
    @ P 1 0
    *
    7
    ○○ ○○
    @ P 2 0
    *
    7,
    *
    8
    ○○ ○○
    RESET switch
    *
    8
    ○○ ○○
    : Clear
    ×
    : Retain
    *1 Press j x and then choose a memory to clear one
    variable memory.
    *2 Formula memories and defi nable memories. See “Memory
    Calculations”.
    *3 Statistical data (entered data)
    *4 Matrix memories (matA, matB, matC, and matD)
    *5 List memories (L1, L2, L3, and L4)
    *6 Cleared when changing between sub-modes in STAT mode.
    *7 See “Memory clear key”.
    *8 The username you stored using the name display function will
    be cleared as well.
    Memory clear key
    Press @ P to display the menu.
    • To initialize the display settings,
    press 0. The parameters are
    set as follows:
    • Angular unit: DEG
    • Display notation: NORM1
    • N-base: DEC
    To clear all variables and memories (A−F, M, X, Y, F1−F4, D1−D4,
    ANS, S TAT, matA−D, and L1−L4) at once, press 1 0.
    • To RESET the calculator, press 2 0. The RESET
    operation will erase all data stored in memory and restore
    the calculator’s default settings. You can do the same thing by
    pressing the RESET switch on the back of the calculator.
    Mode Selection
    d
    NORMAL mode: b 0 (default)
    Used to perform arithmetic operations and function calculations.
    STAT mode: b 1
    Used to perform statistical operations.
    DRILL mode: b 2
    Used to practice math and multiplication table drills.
    CPLX mode: b 3
    Used to perform complex number calculations.
    MATRIX mode: b 4
    Used to perform matrix calculations.
    LIST mode: b 5
    Used to perform list calculations.
    EQUATION mode: b 6
    Used to solve equations.
    SET UP Menu
    Press @ J to display the
    SET UP menu.
    Press j to exit the SET UP menu.
    Determination of the angular unit
    The following three angular units (degrees, radians, and grads)
    can be specifi ed.
    DEG (°): @ J 0 0 (default)
    RAD (rad): @ J 0 1
    GRAD (g): @ J 0 2
    Selecting the display notation and decimal places
    1
    Five display notation systems are used to display calculation
    results: Two settings of Floating point (NORM1 and NORM2),
    Fixed decimal point (FIX), Scientifi c notation (SCI), and
    Engineering notation (ENG).
    • When @ J 1 0 (FIX) or @ J 1 2
    (ENG) is pressed, “TAB(0–9)?” will be displayed and the number
    of decimal places (TAB) can be set to any value between 0 and 9.
    • When @ J 1 1 (SCI) is pressed, “SIG(0–9)?” will
    be displayed and the number of signifi cant digits can be set to
    any value between 0 and 9. Entering 0 will set a 10-digit display.
    Setting the fl oating point number system in scientifi c notation
    Two settings are used to display a fl oating-point number: NORM1
    (the default) and NORM2. A number is automatically displayed in
    scientifi c notation outside a preset range:
    NORM1 (@ J 1 3)
    : 0.000000001
    | x |
    9,999,999,999
    NORM2 (@ J 1 4)
    : 0.01
    | x |
    9,999,999,999
    Selecting the editor
    Two editors are available in NORMAL mode:
    The WriteView editor (W-VIEW): @ J 2 0 (default)
    • The Line editor (LINE): @ J 2 1
    Note: Any entries will be cleared when you change the editor.
    Adjusting the display contrast
    Press @ J 3, then + or & to adjust the contrast.
    Press j to exit.
    Insert and overwrite entry methods
    When using the Line editor, you can change the entry method
    from “INSERT” (the default) to “OVERWRITE”.
    After you switch to the overwrite method (by pressing @ J
    4 1), the triangular cursor will change to a rectangular
    one, and the number or function underneath it will be overwritten
    as you make entries.
    Name display function
    You can save a username in this calculator. When you turn the
    power off, the saved username is displayed momentarily.
    Up to 32 characters may be saved, split over two lines.
    Entering and editing the username:
    1. Press @ J 5. The
    editing screen appears with a
    ashing cursor.
    2. Use u and d to scroll
    through the available characters. The following characters
    can be entered (listed in the order that they appear):
    Letters (A to Z, uppercase only), numbers (0 to 9), slash (/),
    hyphen (-), colon (:), apostrophe (’), comma (,), period (.),
    and space ( ).
    Press @ u to jump to “A”, and press @ d or
    j to jump to the space.
    3. Pressing l or r moves the cursor to the left or right.
    To modify a character, use l or r to move the
    cursor to the character, then select another character using
    u or d.
    Press @ l or @ r
    to jump to the beginning of
    the fi rst line or the end of the second.
    4.
    Repeat steps 2 and 3 above to continue entering characters.
    5. Press = to save.
    Note: Press @ Z in the editing screen to clear all the
    characters.
    ENTERING, DISPLAYING, AND EDITING THE EQUATION
    2
    The WriteView Editor
    Entry and display
    In the WriteView editor, you can
    enter and display fractions or certain
    functions as you would write them.
    Notes:
    • The WriteView editor can only be used in NORMAL mode.
    If the equation grows too large, it may extend off the edge of the
    display after you obtain the result. If you want to see the entire
    equation, press l or r to return to the editing screen.
    Displaying calculation results
    When possible, calculation results will be displayed using
    fractions, r, and
    π. When you press U, the display will
    cycle through the following display styles:
    • Mixed fractions (with or without
    π) 󱚴 improper fractions
    (with or without
    π) 󱚴 decimal numbers
    • Proper fractions (with or without
    π) 󱚴 decimal numbers
    • Irrational numbers (square roots, fractions made using
    square roots) 󱚴 decimal numbers
    Notes:
    • In the following cases, calculation results may be displayed
    using r:
    • Arithmetic operations and memory calculations
    • Trigonometric calculations
    • In trigonometric calculations,
    when entering values such as
    those in the table to the right,
    results may be shown using r.
    • Calculation results may extend
    off the edges of the screen. You can see those parts by
    pressing l or r (depending on whether the left or
    right portion is hidden).
    • Improper/proper fractions will be converted to and displayed
    as decimal numbers if the number of digits used in their
    expression is greater than nine. In the case of mixed
    fractions, the maximum number of displayable digits
    (including integers) is eight.
    • If the number of digits in the denominator of a fractional
    result that uses
    π is greater than three, the result is
    converted to and displayed as a decimal number.
    The Line Editor
    Entry and display
    In the Line editor, you can enter
    and display equations line by line.
    Notes:
    Up to three lines of text may be
    viewed on the screen at one time.
    • If the length of the equation exceeds three lines, parts of it
    may be hidden from view after calculation. If you want to see
    the rest of the equation, press l or r to return to the
    editing screen.
    • In the Line editor, calculation results are displayed in
    decimal form or line fraction notation if possible.
    Editing the Equation
    Just after obtaining an answer, pressing l brings you to
    the end of the equation and pressing r brings you to the
    beginning. Press l, r, u, or d to move the
    cursor. Press @ l or @ r to jump the cursor to
    the beginning or the end of the equation.
    In the WriteView editor, you can use u and d to
    move the cursor up and down—between the numerator and
    denominator, for example.
    Back space and delete key
    To delete a number or function, move the cursor to the right of
    it, then press N. You can also delete a number or function
    that the cursor is directly over by pressing @ y.
    The MATH Menu
    Other functions may be available on this calculator besides
    those printed on the key pad. These functions are accessed
    using the MATH menu. The MATH menu has different contents
    for each mode.
    Press N to display the MATH
    menu. For example, in NORMAL
    mode, you can call the functions
    shown on the right.
    Notes:
    • When the
    or symbols are displayed, you can use
    u or d to display any hidden menu items.
    N does not function when entering values or items in
    STAT, MATRIX, LIST, or EQUATION modes, or into solver
    functions or simulation calculations.
    The CATALOG Menu
    Using the CATALOG menu, you can select functions and
    variables that are available for what you are doing in the
    currently selected mode. To display the CATALOG menu,
    press N 0.
    • Press u or d to move the cursor (
    ) and press e
    to select.
    • Press l or r to scroll up or down.
    • Press @ u or @ d to jump to the fi rst or last item.
    Note: You cannot bring up the CATALOG menu when entering
    values or items in STAT, MATRIX, LIST, or EQUATION
    modes, or into solver functions or simulation calculations.
    Multi-line Playback Function
    3
    This calculator is equipped with a function to recall previous
    equations and answers in NORMAL or CPLX modes. A
    maximum of 340 characters can be stored in memory. When
    the memory is full, stored equations will be deleted to make
    room, starting with the oldest.
    Pressing u will display the previous equation. Further
    pressing u will display preceding equations (after returning
    to the previous equation, press d to view equations in
    order). In addition, @ u can be used to jump to the
    oldest equation, and @ d to jump to the newest one.
    • To edit an equation after recalling it, press l or r.
    • The multi-line memory will be cleared by the following
    operations:
    @ Z , mode change, RESET, N-base conversion,
    angular unit conversion, editor change (@ J 2
    0 or @ J 2 1), and memory clear (@
    P 1 0).
    Equations that have one result require an additional eleven
    characters’ worth of memory to store in order to hold the result.
    • In addition to the amount of memory needed to store an
    equation, the WriteView editor will require a certain amount
    for the sake of display.
    • Equations also include calculation ending instructions, such
    as “
    =”.
    Priority Levels in Calculation
    This calculator performs operations according to the following
    priority:
    Fractions (1
    m
    4, etc.) , Engineering prefi xes
    Functions preceded by their argument (
    x
    1
    , x
    2
    , n!, etc.)
    y
    x
    ,
    x
    r Implied multiplication of a memory value (2Y, etc.)
    Functions followed by their argument (sin, cos, (
    ), etc.)
    Implied multiplication of a function (2sin 30, A
    1
    4
    , etc.) nCr,
    nPr, 󱚴cv
    ×, ÷ +, AND OR, XOR, XNOR =,
    M
    +, M, M, DEG, RAD, GRAD, DATA, 󱚴rθ, 󱚴
    xy
    , and
    other calculation ending instructions
    • If parentheses are used, parenthesized calculations have
    precedence over any other calculations.
    SCIENTIFIC CALCULATIONS
    • Press b 0 to select NORMAL mode.
    • In each example, press j to clear the display fi rst. Unless
    otherwise specifi ed, calculation examples are performed in
    the WriteView editor (@ J 2 0) with the default
    display settings (@ P 0).
    Arithmetic Operations
    4
    The closing parenthesis ) just before = or m
    may be omitted.
    Constant Calculations
    5
    • In constant calculations, the addend becomes a constant.
    Subtraction and division are performed in the same manner.
    For multiplication, the multiplicand becomes a constant.
    • In constant calculations, constants will be displayed as K.
    • Constant calculations can be perfomed in NORMAL or STAT
    modes.
    Functions
    6
    • Refer to the calculation examples for each function.
    • In the Line editor, the following symbols are used:
    : to indicate an expression’s power. (m, @ ",
    @ Y)
    : to separate integers, numerators, and denominators.
    (W, @ k)
    • When using @ O or @ W in the Line editor,
    values are entered in the following way:
    • logn (base, value)
    • abs value
    Integral/Differential Functions
    7
    Integral and differential calculations can be performed in
    NORMAL mode.
    Note: Since integral and differential calculations are performed
    based on the following equations, correct results may
    not be obtained, in certain rare cases, when performing
    special calculations that contain discontinuous points.
    Integral calculation (Simpson’s rule):
    ( )
    h
    =
    b
    a
    N
    a
    x
    b
    N
    =
    2
    n
    S
    =
    1
    3
    h
    {
    f
    (
    a
    )
    +
    4{
    f
    (
    a
    +
    h
    )
    +
    f
    (
    a
    +
    3
    h
    )
    +
    ...
    +
    f
    (
    a
    +
    (N
    1)
    h
    )}
    +
    2{
    f
    (
    a
    +
    2
    h
    )
    +
    f
    (
    a
    +
    4
    h
    )
    +
    ...
    +
    f
    (
    a
    +
    (N
    2)
    h
    )}
    +
    f
    (
    b
    )}
    Differential calculation:
    (
    x
    )
    =
    f
    (
    x
    +
    dx
    2
    )
    f
    (
    x
    dx
    2
    )
    dx
    Performing integral calculations
    1. Press F.
    2. Specify the following parameters: range of integral (initial
    value (
    a), end value (b)), function with variable x, and number
    of subintervals (
    n).
    You do not need to specify the number of subintervals. If the
    number of subintervals is not specifi ed, the default value of
    n = 100 will be used.
    3. Press =.
    Notes:
    • Parameters are entered in the following way:
    WriteView editor:
    a
    b
    function[, subintervals]dx
    Line editor:
    (function,
    a, b[, subintervals])
    • Integral calculations, depending on the integrands and
    subintervals included, require longer calculation time. During
    calculation, the BUSY symbol will be displayed. To cancel
    calculation, press j.
    Note that there will be greater integral errors when there are
    large fl uctuations in the
    integral values during
    minute shifting of the
    integral range and for
    periodic functions, etc.,
    where positive and
    negative integral values
    exist depending on the
    interval.
    For the former case, divide integral intervals as small as
    possible. For the latter case, separate the positive and negative
    values. Following these tips will allow you to obtain results from
    calculations with greater accuracy and will also shorten the
    calculation time.
    Performing differential calculations
    1. Press @ G.
    2. Specify the following parameters: function with variable
    x,
    value of
    x, and minute interval (dx).
    You do not need to specify the minute interval. If the minute
    interval is not specifi ed, it will automatically be set to 10
    5
    (while
    x = 0), or | x | × 10
    5
    (while x 0).
    3. Press =.
    Note: Parameters are entered in the following way:
    WriteView editor:
    d(function)
    dx
    |
    x = value of x[, minute interval]
    Line editor:
    d/dx (function, value of x[, minute interval])
    Function
    8
    The function returns the cumulative sum of a given expression
    from an initial value to an end value in NORMAL mode.
    Performing
    calculations
    1. Press @ I.
    2. Specify the following parameters: initial value, end value,
    function with variable
    x, and increment (n).
    You do not need to specify the increment. If the increment is
    not specifi ed, the default value of
    n = 1 will be used.
    3. Press =.
    Note: Parameters are entered in the following way:
    WriteView editor:
    end value
    Σ
    (
    function[, increment])
    x
    =
    initial value
    Line editor:
    Σ(function, initial value, end value[, increment])
    Random Function
    The random function has four settings. (This function cannot be
    selected while using the N-base function.) To generate further
    random numbers in succession, press e. Press j to exit.
    Random numbers
    A pseudo-random number, with three signifi cant digits from 0 up
    to 0.999, can be generated by pressing @ w 0 e.
    Note: In the WriteView editor, if the result is not 0 it can be
    shown as a fraction or decimal using U.
    Random dice
    To simulate a die-rolling, a random integer between 1 and 6 can
    be generated by pressing @ w 1 e.
    Random coin
    To simulate a coin fl ip, 0 (heads) or 1 (tails) can be randomly
    generated by pressing @ w 2 e.
    Random integer
    An integer between 0 and 99 can be generated randomly by
    pressing @ w 3 e.
    Angular Unit Conversions
    9
    Each time @ ] is pressed, the angular unit changes in
    sequence.
    Memory Calculations
    10
    Mode ANS M, F1–F4 A–F, X, Y D1–D4
    NORMAL
    ○○○○
    STAT
    ○○○○
    CPLX
    ○○×○
    MATRIX
    ○○○○
    LIST
    ○○○○
    : Available
    ×
    : Unavailable
    Temporary memories (A–F, X and Y)
    Press x and a variable key to store a value in memory.
    Press t and a variable key to recall the value from that memory.
    To place a variable in an equation, press ; and a variable key.
    Independent memory (M)
    In addition to all the features of temporary memories, a value can
    be added to or subtracted from an existing memory value.
    Press j x M to clear the independent memory (M).
    Last answer memory (ANS)
    The calculation result obtained by pressing = or any other
    calculation ending instruction is automatically stored in the last
    answer memory.
    When the calculation result is in matrix or list form, the full matrix
    or list is not stored into ANS memory. Only the value of the
    element covered by the cursor is stored.
    Notes:
    • Calculation results from the functions indicated below are
    automatically stored in the X or Y memories replacing any
    existing values.
    󱚴
    rθ, 󱚴
    xy
    : X memory (r or x), Y memory (θ or y)
    • Two
    x´ values from a quadratic regression calculation in
    STAT mode: X memory (1:), Y memory (2:)
    • Use of t or ; will recall the value stored in memory
    using up to 14 digits.
    Formula memories (F1–F4)
    You can store expressions in formula memories (F1–F4). Storing
    a new expression in a memory space will automatically replace
    any content that may already exist there.
    Notes:
    • Expressions that are stored from the WriteView editor cannot
    be recalled from within the Line editor, and vice versa.
    • You can only recall expressions stored from the Line editor
    when entering values or items in STAT, MATRIX, LIST, or
    EQUATION modes, or into solver functions or simulation
    calculations.
    • Any recalled expressions will overwrite any expressions that
    are currently being entered.
    • You cannot store formulas in formula memories when entering
    values or items in STAT, MATRIX, LIST, or EQUATION modes,
    or into solver functions or simulation calculations.
    EL-W506
    EL-W516
    EL-W546
    SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR
    OPERATION MANUAL
    MODEL
    ENGLISH
    Physical Constants and Metric Conversions
    16
    Calculations using physical constants
    To recall a constant, press K, then select a physical constant
    from the list. (Each item is labeled with a 2-digit number.)
    To scroll up or down the list of constants, press u
    (l) or d (r).
    Use @ u (l) or @ d (r) to jump to the
    rst or last page.
    Enter the fi rst digit of the 2-digit item number to jump to the
    page containing the number that begins with that digit.
    When you enter the second digit, the constant is displayed
    automatically according to the display and decimal
    placement settings.
    Physical constants can be recalled in NORMAL (excluding
    N-base), STAT, CPLX, MATRIX, LIST, and EQUATION modes.
    The following table lists the physical constants. See the
    calculation example sheet for physical constant symbols
    and units.
    Note: Physical constants and metric conversions are based
    on the 2006 CODATA recommended values, or on
    the 1995 Edition of the “Guide for the Use of the
    International System of Units (SI)” released by NIST
    (National Institute of Standards and Technology).
    No. Constant No. Constant
    01
    02
    03
    04
    05
    06
    07
    08
    09
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22
    23
    24
    25
    26
    Speed of light in vacuum
    Newtonian constant of
    gravitation
    Standard acceleration of
    gravity
    Electron mass
    Proton mass
    Neutron mass
    Muon mass
    Atomic mass unit-kilogram
    relationship
    Elementary charge
    Planck constant
    Boltzmann constant
    Magnetic constant
    Electric constant
    Classical electron radius
    Fine-structure constant
    Bohr radius
    Rydberg constant
    Magnetic fl ux quantum
    Bohr magneton
    Electron magnetic moment
    Nuclear magneton
    Proton magnetic moment
    Neutron magnetic moment
    Muon magnetic moment
    Compton wavelength
    Proton Compton wavelength
    27
    28
    29
    30
    31
    32
    33
    34
    35
    36
    37
    38
    39
    40
    41
    42
    43
    44
    45
    46
    47
    48
    49
    50
    51
    52
    Stefan-Boltzmann constant
    Avogadro constant
    Molar volume of ideal gas
    (273.15 K, 101.325 kPa)
    Molar gas constant
    Faraday constant
    Von Klitzing constant
    Electron charge to mass
    quotient
    Quantum of circulation
    Proton gyromagnetic ratio
    Josephson constant
    Electron volt
    Celsius Temperature
    Astronomical unit
    Parsec
    Molar mass of carbon-12
    Planck constant over 2 pi
    Hartree energy
    Conductance quantum
    Inverse fi ne-structure constant
    Proton-electron mass ratio
    Molar mass constant
    Neutron Compton wavelength
    First radiation constant
    Second radiation constant
    Characteristic impedance of
    vacuum
    Standard atmosphere
    Metric conversions
    Enter a value to be converted, then press @ L, and
    select a metric conversion by entering its 2-digit number.
    The metric conversion list is used in the same manner as
    the list of physical constants.
    Unit conversions can be performed in NORMAL (excluding
    N-base), STAT, MATRIX, LIST, and EQUATION modes.
    The following table lists units used in metric conversion.
    See the calculation example sheet for the metric
    conversion reference table.
    No. Remarks No. Remarks
    01 in : inch 23 oz(US) : uid ounce (US)
    02
    cm : centimeter 24 mL : milliliter
    03 ft : foot 25 oz(UK) : uid ounce (UK)
    04 m : meter 26 mL : milliliter
    05 yd : yard 27 cal
    th
    : calorie
    th
    06 m : meter 28 J : joule
    07 mi : mile 29 cal
    15
    : calorie (15°C)
    08 km : kilometer 30 J : joule
    09 n mi : nautical mile 31 cal
    IT
    : calorie
    IT
    10 m : meter 32 J : joule
    11 acre : acre*
    1
    33 hp : horsepower (UK)
    12 m
    2
    : square meter 34 W : watt
    13 oz : ounce (avoirdupois) 35 ps :
    horsepower (metric)
    14 g : gram 36 W : watt
    15 lb : pound (avoirdupois) 37 (kgf/cm
    2
    )
    16 kg : kilogram 38 Pa : pascal
    17 °F : degree Fahrenheit 39 atm : atmosphere
    18 °C : degree Celsius 40 Pa : pascal
    19 gal (US) : gallon (US) 41 (1 mmHg = 1 Torr)
    20 L : liter 42 Pa : pascal
    21 gal (UK) : gallon (UK) 43 (kgf
    ·
    m)
    22 L : liter 44 N
    ·
    m : newton meter
    *1 based on US survey foot
    Defi nable memories (D1–D4)
    You can store functions or operations in defi nable memories
    (D1–D4).
    • To store a function or operation, press x, followed by a
    defi nable memory key (I, J, K, or L), followed
    by the operation you want to store. Menu-related operations,
    such as @ J, cannot be stored. Press j to return to
    the previous display.
    • To call a stored function or operation, press the corresponding
    memory key. Calling a stored function will not work if the function
    that is called would be unusable in the current context.
    Any functions or operations that are stored in a defi nable memory
    will be replaced when you save a new one into that memory.
    • You cannot store functions or operations in defi nable memories
    when entering values or items in STAT, MATRIX, LIST, or
    EQUATION modes, or into solver functions or simulation
    calculations.
    Chain Calculations
    11
    The previous calculation result can be used in the subsequent
    calculation. However, it cannot be recalled after entering multiple
    instructions or when the calculation result is in matrix/list format.
    Fraction Calculations
    12
    Arithmetic operations and memory calculations can be performed
    using fractions. In NORMAL mode, conversion between a decimal
    number and a fraction can be performed by pressing U.
    Notes:
    • Improper/proper fractions will be converted to and displayed as
    decimal numbers if the number of digits used in their expression
    is greater than nine. In the case of mixed fractions, the maximum
    number of displayable digits (including integers) is eight.
    • To convert a sexagesimal value to a fraction, fi rst convert it by
    pressing @ :.
    Binary, Pental, Octal, Decimal, and Hexadecimal
    Operations (N-base)
    13
    Conversions can be performed between N-base numbers in
    NORMAL mode. The four basic arithmetic operations, calculations
    with parentheses, and memory calculations can also be performed,
    along with the logical operations AND, OR, NOT, NEG, XOR, and
    XNOR on binary, pental, octal, and hexadecimal numbers.
    Conversion to each system is performed with the following keys:
    @ z (“BIN” appears), @ r (“PEN” appears),
    @ g (“OCT” appears), @ h (“HEX” appears),
    @ / (“BIN”, “PEN”, “OCT”, and “HEX” disappear)
    Note: The hexadecimal numbers A–F are entered by pressing
    K
    A
    , m
    B
    , A
    C
    , l
    D
    , i
    E
    , and H
    F
    .
    In the binary, pental, octal, and hexadecimal systems, fractional
    parts cannot be entered. When a decimal number having
    a fractional part is converted into a binary, pental, octal, or
    hexadecimal number, the fractional part will be truncated. Likewise,
    when the result of a binary, pental, octal, or hexadecimal calculation
    includes a fractional part, the fractional part will be truncated. In the
    binary, pental, octal, and hexadecimal systems, negative numbers
    are displayed as a complement.
    Time, Decimal, and Sexagesimal Calculations
    14
    You can convert between decimal and sexagesimal numbers, and
    from sexagesimal numbers to seconds or minutes. In addition,
    the four basic arithmetic operations and memory calculations
    can be performed using the sexagesimal system. Notation for
    sexagesimal is as follows:
    Degree
    Minute
    Second
    Coordinate Conversions
    15
    • Before performing a calculation, select the angular unit.
    • The calculation result is automatically stored in the X and Y
    memories (
    r or x in X memory, and θ or y in Y memory).
    • The results of coordinate conversions will be displayed as
    decimal numbers even in the WriteView editor.
    Rectangular coord. Polar coord.
    Entry value
    DEG multiples of 15
    RAD
    multiples of
    1
    12
    π
    GRAD
    multiples of
    50
    3
    y
    x
    b
    xx
    xx
    a
    0
    13
    2
    y
    a
    b
    x
    x
    x
    x
    x
    1
    0
    2
    3
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Specificații Sharp EL-W516

General
Brand Sharp
Model EL-W516
Produs calculator
Limbă Engleză
Tipul fișierului PDF
Design
Tipul Calculator științific
Factorul de formă Buzunar
Culoarea produsului Negru
afișaj
Număr de linii ecran 4

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